ᅣ U+1163 Unicode文字




ᅣ ᅣ






Letter, Other(文字,その他)


Base64エンコード : 4YWj




The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (English: HAHN-gool) in South Korea and Chosŏn'gŭl in North Korea, is the modern official writing system for the Korean language. The letters for the five basic consonants reflect the shape of the speech organs used to pronounce them, and they are systematically modified to indicate phonetic features; similarly, the vowel letters are systematically modified for related sounds, making Hangul a featural writing system. It has been described as a syllabic alphabet as it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, although it is not necessarily an abugida.Hangul was created in 1443 CE by King Sejong the Great in an attempt to increase literacy by serving as a complement (or alternative) to the logographic Sino-Korean Hanja, which had been used by Koreans as its primary script to write the Korean language since as early as the Gojoseon period (spanning more than a thousand years and ending around 108 BCE), along with the usage of Classical Chinese. As a result, Hangul was initially denounced and disparaged by the Korean educated class. The script became known as eonmun ("vernacular writing", 언문, 諺文) and became the primary Korean script only in the decades after Korea's independence from Japan in the mid-20th century.Modern Hangul orthography uses 24 basic letters: 14 consonant letters and 10 vowel letters. There are also 27 complex letters that are formed by combining the basic letters: 5 tense consonant letters, 11 complex consonant letters, and 11 complex vowel letters. Four basic letters in the original alphabet are no longer used: 1 vowel letter and 3 consonant letters. Korean letters are written in syllabic blocks with the alphabetic letters arranged in two dimensions. For example, the Korean word for "honeybee" (kkulbeol) is written as 꿀벌, not ㄲㅜㄹㅂㅓㄹ. The syllables begin with a consonant letter, then a vowel letter, and then potentially another consonant letter called a batchim (Korean: 받침). If the syllable begins with a vowel sound, the consonant ㅇ (ng) acts as a silent placeholder. However, when ㅇ starts a sentence or is placed after a long pause, it marks a glottal stop.
Syllables may begin with basic or tense consonants but not complex ones. The vowel can be basic or complex, and the second consonant can be basic, complex or a limited number of tense consonants. How the syllable is structured depends if the baseline of the vowel symbol is horizontal or vertical. If the baseline is vertical, the first consonant and vowel are written above the second consonant (if present), but all components are written individually from top to bottom in the case of a horizontal baseline.As in traditional Chinese and Japanese writing, as well as many other texts in East Asia, Korean texts were traditionally written top to bottom, right to left, as is occasionally still the way for stylistic purposes. However, Korean is now typically written from left to right with spaces between words serving as dividers, unlike in Japanese and Chinese. Hangul is the official writing system throughout Korea, both North and South. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County in Jilin Province, China. Hangul has also seen limited use in the Cia-Cia language.[出典:Wikipedia]


」とは、韓国語の音節である。日本語では、この音を表す文字は「や」である。しかし、単に音だけが重要ではなく、言葉の意味や表現も同様に大切である。 「」を使った文章を書くことに興味があれば、例えば以下のような文章を考えることができるだろう。 「」は、私たちの感情や気持ちを表現するのにも適している。例えば、「」は、驚きや不安、悲しみなどの感情を表すことができる。その意味は「やれ、信じられない!」、「やっぱり大変だ!」、「やばい、泣き出しちゃう!」など、様々である。 また、「」は、コミュニケーションにおいても重要な役割を果たすことができる。例えば、会話において、「」を使って、同意や理解、共感などを表現することができる。「そうだね、」、「その気持ち、わかるわかる」、「、私もそう思う!」など。 「」はまた、日常生活においてもよく使われる文字である。例えば、道を歩いていると、偶然に目に飛び込んだ景色に対して「、綺麗だね」とか、「、こんな所に何があるの?」などと言葉を発することがある。このように、「」は、日常生活の中での驚きや感動を表現する際にも使われる。 「」には、さまざまな能力があることがわかった。私たちは、世界中の言語や文字から学び、自分たちで新しい表現方法を生み出すことができる。そして、それぞれが自分なりの「」の使い方を見つけることができるだろう。