ᅤ U+1164 Unicode文字




ᅤ ᅤ






Letter, Other(文字,その他)


Base64エンコード : 4YWk




The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (English: HAHN-gool) in South Korea and Chosŏn'gŭl in North Korea, is the modern official writing system for the Korean language. The letters for the five basic consonants reflect the shape of the speech organs used to pronounce them, and they are systematically modified to indicate phonetic features; similarly, the vowel letters are systematically modified for related sounds, making Hangul a featural writing system. It has been described as a syllabic alphabet as it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, although it is not necessarily an abugida.Hangul was created in 1443 CE by King Sejong the Great in an attempt to increase literacy by serving as a complement (or alternative) to the logographic Sino-Korean Hanja, which had been used by Koreans as its primary script to write the Korean language since as early as the Gojoseon period (spanning more than a thousand years and ending around 108 BCE), along with the usage of Classical Chinese. As a result, Hangul was initially denounced and disparaged by the Korean educated class. The script became known as eonmun ("vernacular writing", 언문, 諺文) and became the primary Korean script only in the decades after Korea's independence from Japan in the mid-20th century.Modern Hangul orthography uses 24 basic letters: 14 consonant letters and 10 vowel letters. There are also 27 complex letters that are formed by combining the basic letters: 5 tense consonant letters, 11 complex consonant letters, and 11 complex vowel letters. Four basic letters in the original alphabet are no longer used: 1 vowel letter and 3 consonant letters. Korean letters are written in syllabic blocks with the alphabetic letters arranged in two dimensions. For example, the Korean word for "honeybee" (kkulbeol) is written as 꿀벌, not ㄲㅜㄹㅂㅓㄹ. The syllables begin with a consonant letter, then a vowel letter, and then potentially another consonant letter called a batchim (Korean: 받침). If the syllable begins with a vowel sound, the consonant ㅇ (ng) acts as a silent placeholder. However, when ㅇ starts a sentence or is placed after a long pause, it marks a glottal stop.
Syllables may begin with basic or tense consonants but not complex ones. The vowel can be basic or complex, and the second consonant can be basic, complex or a limited number of tense consonants. How the syllable is structured depends if the baseline of the vowel symbol is horizontal or vertical. If the baseline is vertical, the first consonant and vowel are written above the second consonant (if present), but all components are written individually from top to bottom in the case of a horizontal baseline.As in traditional Chinese and Japanese writing, as well as many other texts in East Asia, Korean texts were traditionally written top to bottom, right to left, as is occasionally still the way for stylistic purposes. However, Korean is now typically written from left to right with spaces between words serving as dividers, unlike in Japanese and Chinese. Hangul is the official writing system throughout Korea, both North and South. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County in Jilin Province, China. Hangul has also seen limited use in the Cia-Cia language.[出典:Wikipedia]


」という文字は、韓国語の文字「ㅒ」を表しています。これは、2つの母音「ㅑ」と「ㅖ」を合わせた文字であり、近年では「얘」という発音になることが多いです。 この文字には、興味深い特徴があります。まず、この文字は日本の平仮名や片仮名にはないものであり、独特の存在感を持っています。また、この文字を使った韓国語の単語には、かわいらしさや親しみやすさが感じられるものが多くあります。 例えば、「먹다」という単語は、「おいしいものを食べる」という意味を持ちます。この単語を聞いただけでも、美味しいご飯を食べたいという気分が高まってきます。また、「옹이」という単語は、「おじいちゃん」という意味を持ちますが、ほかの言葉よりも親しみやすく、かわいらしい印象を与えます。 さらに、この文字を使って、新しい言葉が生まれることもあります。最近では、「존잘」という単語が流行しています。これは、「얘 (かわいい子) + 존잘 (最高にハンサムな人)」を合わせたもので、「かわいい子と最高にハンサムな人が一緒にいる」という意味になります。この言葉には、若者たちが感じる恋愛や理想に対する願望が込められています。 以上のように、「」は、韓国語において親しみやすさやかわいらしさを表現するのに役立つ文字であり、新しい言葉を生み出すこともできる、非常に興味深い文字であると言えます。