ᄜ U+111C Unicode文字




ᄜ ᄜ






Letter, Other(文字,その他)


Base64エンコード : 4YSc




The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (English: HAHN-gool) in South Korea and Chosŏn'gŭl in North Korea, is the modern official writing system for the Korean language. The letters for the five basic consonants reflect the shape of the speech organs used to pronounce them, and they are systematically modified to indicate phonetic features; similarly, the vowel letters are systematically modified for related sounds, making Hangul a featural writing system. It has been described as a syllabic alphabet as it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, although it is not necessarily an abugida.Hangul was created in 1443 CE by King Sejong the Great in an attempt to increase literacy by serving as a complement (or alternative) to the logographic Sino-Korean Hanja, which had been used by Koreans as its primary script to write the Korean language since as early as the Gojoseon period (spanning more than a thousand years and ending around 108 BCE), along with the usage of Classical Chinese. As a result, Hangul was initially denounced and disparaged by the Korean educated class. The script became known as eonmun ("vernacular writing", 언문, 諺文) and became the primary Korean script only in the decades after Korea's independence from Japan in the mid-20th century.Modern Hangul orthography uses 24 basic letters: 14 consonant letters and 10 vowel letters. There are also 27 complex letters that are formed by combining the basic letters: 5 tense consonant letters, 11 complex consonant letters, and 11 complex vowel letters. Four basic letters in the original alphabet are no longer used: 1 vowel letter and 3 consonant letters. Korean letters are written in syllabic blocks with the alphabetic letters arranged in two dimensions. For example, the Korean word for "honeybee" (kkulbeol) is written as 꿀벌, not ㄲㅜㄹㅂㅓㄹ. The syllables begin with a consonant letter, then a vowel letter, and then potentially another consonant letter called a batchim (Korean: 받침). If the syllable begins with a vowel sound, the consonant ㅇ (ng) acts as a silent placeholder. However, when ㅇ starts a sentence or is placed after a long pause, it marks a glottal stop.
Syllables may begin with basic or tense consonants but not complex ones. The vowel can be basic or complex, and the second consonant can be basic, complex or a limited number of tense consonants. How the syllable is structured depends if the baseline of the vowel symbol is horizontal or vertical. If the baseline is vertical, the first consonant and vowel are written above the second consonant (if present), but all components are written individually from top to bottom in the case of a horizontal baseline.As in traditional Chinese and Japanese writing, as well as many other texts in East Asia, Korean texts were traditionally written top to bottom, right to left, as is occasionally still the way for stylistic purposes. However, Korean is now typically written from left to right with spaces between words serving as dividers, unlike in Japanese and Chinese. Hangul is the official writing system throughout Korea, both North and South. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County in Jilin Province, China. Hangul has also seen limited use in the Cia-Cia language.[出典:Wikipedia]


」という文字は、韓国語の文字であり、日本語に直すと「ㄱ」となります。この文字が興味深いのは、韓国語では日本語のように「あいうえお」という五十音が存在しないため、1文字で様々な発音を表現することができるからです。 例えば、韓国語の単語「감사합니다」を例に挙げると、日本語に直すと「かんしゃします」となりますが、その中にある「ㅂ」という文字は、日本語には「う」という音が該当するため「かんしゅします」と発音されます。「ㅂ」は韓国語では「ㅅ」と「ㅈ」の中間の音であり、このように1文字で複数の音を表現することができるため、興味深い文字といえます。 また、韓国語の中でも「ㅁ」の音は、英語の「m」の音に近いことから、日本語でも「ム」と表されることがあります。そのため、韓国語の単語で「ㅁ」が使われている場合、日本語の単語としては「ム」を表すことが多いです。 このように、韓国語の文字の中でも「ㅁ」は、発音が他の文字に比べて明確であるため、興味深い文字の1つといえます。しかしながら、韓国語の中にはさまざまな文字が存在し、それぞれに特徴的な発音があります。そのため、韓国語を勉強する際には、文字自体の意味や表記の仕方だけでなく、発音のルールを理解することが重要です。 「ㅁ」を含む韓国語の単語としては、「먹다」(食べる)、암컷(メス)、남쪽(南)などがあります。韓国語の中には、日本語にはない発音が多数含まれるため、韓国語を勉強する際には、発音や音声表現にも十分気を付けるようにしましょう。 以上、「ㅁ」という文字をはじめとする韓国語の文字について、興味深い特徴をお伝えいたしました。日本語ではない発音を韓国語はたくさん含んでおり、その面白さはさらに深まっています。韓国語を学ぶことは、韓国人とのコミュニケーションをはじめ、世界各地の多様な文化と交流するためのカードとなります。ぜひ、興味深い文字や単語を覚えながら、楽しく韓国語を学んでいきましょう。