ᄈ U+1108 Unicode文字




ᄈ ᄈ






Letter, Other(文字,その他)


Base64エンコード : 4YSI




The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (English: HAHN-gool) in South Korea and Chosŏn'gŭl in North Korea, is the modern official writing system for the Korean language. The letters for the five basic consonants reflect the shape of the speech organs used to pronounce them, and they are systematically modified to indicate phonetic features; similarly, the vowel letters are systematically modified for related sounds, making Hangul a featural writing system. It has been described as a syllabic alphabet as it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, although it is not necessarily an abugida.Hangul was created in 1443 CE by King Sejong the Great in an attempt to increase literacy by serving as a complement (or alternative) to the logographic Sino-Korean Hanja, which had been used by Koreans as its primary script to write the Korean language since as early as the Gojoseon period (spanning more than a thousand years and ending around 108 BCE), along with the usage of Classical Chinese. As a result, Hangul was initially denounced and disparaged by the Korean educated class. The script became known as eonmun ("vernacular writing", 언문, 諺文) and became the primary Korean script only in the decades after Korea's independence from Japan in the mid-20th century.Modern Hangul orthography uses 24 basic letters: 14 consonant letters and 10 vowel letters. There are also 27 complex letters that are formed by combining the basic letters: 5 tense consonant letters, 11 complex consonant letters, and 11 complex vowel letters. Four basic letters in the original alphabet are no longer used: 1 vowel letter and 3 consonant letters. Korean letters are written in syllabic blocks with the alphabetic letters arranged in two dimensions. For example, the Korean word for "honeybee" (kkulbeol) is written as 꿀벌, not ㄲㅜㄹㅂㅓㄹ. The syllables begin with a consonant letter, then a vowel letter, and then potentially another consonant letter called a batchim (Korean: 받침). If the syllable begins with a vowel sound, the consonant ㅇ (ng) acts as a silent placeholder. However, when ㅇ starts a sentence or is placed after a long pause, it marks a glottal stop.
Syllables may begin with basic or tense consonants but not complex ones. The vowel can be basic or complex, and the second consonant can be basic, complex or a limited number of tense consonants. How the syllable is structured depends if the baseline of the vowel symbol is horizontal or vertical. If the baseline is vertical, the first consonant and vowel are written above the second consonant (if present), but all components are written individually from top to bottom in the case of a horizontal baseline.As in traditional Chinese and Japanese writing, as well as many other texts in East Asia, Korean texts were traditionally written top to bottom, right to left, as is occasionally still the way for stylistic purposes. However, Korean is now typically written from left to right with spaces between words serving as dividers, unlike in Japanese and Chinese. Hangul is the official writing system throughout Korea, both North and South. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County in Jilin Province, China. Hangul has also seen limited use in the Cia-Cia language.[出典:Wikipedia]


」という文字は、韓国語の表音文字であり、日本のカタカナにあたるものです。 韓国語には、様々な音節が存在しますが、その中でも「」は非常に珍しい音節です。この音節は、二つの音が合わさって作られるもので、その発音自体が非常に難解です。そのため、「」の音を発することができる人は、韓国語を母語としても使わなければならない非常にレアな存在なのです。 しかし、日本でも「」の存在は知られるようになってきています。例えば、ドラマや映画、アニメなどで使われる韓国語のセリフの中に、時々「」が含まれていることがあります。 一方で、「」という音節は、いくつかの単語に含まれているため、実は韓国語学習者には非常に重要な音素であることも事実です。例えば、「ᅡᆨ토용」という単語は、韓国語で「亡命」という意味があります。 また、「」を含む単語には、「紙幣」を意味する「ᅩᆨ」、「選択」を意味する「ᅥᆫ택」、「倍増」を意味する「ᅡ란」といったものがあります。 「」という文字が持つ難解な発音や、韓国語学習者にとって重要な存在であることなどが、私たちにとって興味深い点となっています。未知のものに対して興味を持ち、知識を深めることが、私たちの語学力向上につながることを忘れずに、韓国語学習に取り組んでいくことが大切です。