ᆢ U+11A2 Unicode文字




ᆢ ᆢ






Letter, Other(文字,その他)


Base64エンコード : 4Yai




From ㆍ plus an additional dot to indicate initial iotization. Repurposed for Jeju from an eighteenth-century digraph intended to tra...[出典:Wiktionary]

The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (English: HAHN-gool) in South Korea and Chosŏn'gŭl in North Korea, is the modern official writing system for the Korean language. The letters for the five basic consonants reflect the shape of the speech organs used to pronounce them, and they are systematically modified to indicate phonetic features; similarly, the vowel letters are systematically modified for related sounds, making Hangul a featural writing system. It has been described as a syllabic alphabet as it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, although it is not necessarily an abugida.Hangul was created in 1443 CE by King Sejong the Great in an attempt to increase literacy by serving as a complement (or alternative) to the logographic Sino-Korean Hanja, which had been used by Koreans as its primary script to write the Korean language since as early as the Gojoseon period (spanning more than a thousand years and ending around 108 BCE), along with the usage of Classical Chinese. As a result, Hangul was initially denounced and disparaged by the Korean educated class. The script became known as eonmun ("vernacular writing", 언문, 諺文) and became the primary Korean script only in the decades after Korea's independence from Japan in the mid-20th century.Modern Hangul orthography uses 24 basic letters: 14 consonant letters and 10 vowel letters. There are also 27 complex letters that are formed by combining the basic letters: 5 tense consonant letters, 11 complex consonant letters, and 11 complex vowel letters. Four basic letters in the original alphabet are no longer used: 1 vowel letter and 3 consonant letters. Korean letters are written in syllabic blocks with the alphabetic letters arranged in two dimensions. For example, the Korean word for "honeybee" (kkulbeol) is written as 꿀벌, not ㄲㅜㄹㅂㅓㄹ. The syllables begin with a consonant letter, then a vowel letter, and then potentially another consonant letter called a batchim (Korean: 받침). If the syllable begins with a vowel sound, the consonant ㅇ (ng) acts as a silent placeholder. However, when ㅇ starts a sentence or is placed after a long pause, it marks a glottal stop.
Syllables may begin with basic or tense consonants but not complex ones. The vowel can be basic or complex, and the second consonant can be basic, complex or a limited number of tense consonants. How the syllable is structured depends if the baseline of the vowel symbol is horizontal or vertical. If the baseline is vertical, the first consonant and vowel are written above the second consonant (if present), but all components are written individually from top to bottom in the case of a horizontal baseline.As in traditional Chinese and Japanese writing, as well as many other texts in East Asia, Korean texts were traditionally written top to bottom, right to left, as is occasionally still the way for stylistic purposes. However, Korean is now typically written from left to right with spaces between words serving as dividers, unlike in Japanese and Chinese. Hangul is the official writing system throughout Korea, both North and South. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County in Jilin Province, China. Hangul has also seen limited use in the Cia-Cia language.[出典:Wikipedia]


ある人々は、''という文字が何の意味があるのか、またどのような役割を持っているのかと疑問に思っている。それは、この文字が特殊であるためだ。実際にこの文字は、韓国語の부호 'こ리'として使われており、アルファベットのAのような役割を持っている。 しかし、''は単なる韓国語の文字だけではない。実は、この文字は日本語にも存在する。というのも、「ん」と「あい」の間に使われる文字として使用される。例えば、「かんあい」という言葉の場合、「ん」の後に「''」が入り、「かんい」となる。このように、''は日本語でも使用されることがある。 さらに、''には独自の特徴がある。なぜなら、この文字は実際には二つの音を表しているからだ。それは、「あ」と「い」の音を組み合わせた音で、一つの音として発音される。そのため、「かんい」の場合、二つの音が一つの音として聞こえるので、独特の響きを持っている。 また、''は美しいデザイン性を持ち、書道家にとっても注目される文字だ。書道においては、''を書くことでバランスをとり、デザイン性を高めることができるので、重要な役割を果たしている。 以上のように、''という文字は、韓国語から日本語、そして書道など様々な分野で使用されている。また、その特殊なデザイン性や音の表現力など、興味深い要素を持っているので、注目度が高くなっている。これからも、''がどのような分野で活躍するのか、更なる発展が期待される。