ᅿ U+117F Unicode文字




ᅿ ᅿ






Letter, Other(文字,その他)


Base64エンコード : 4YW/




The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (English: HAHN-gool) in South Korea and Chosŏn'gŭl in North Korea, is the modern official writing system for the Korean language. The letters for the five basic consonants reflect the shape of the speech organs used to pronounce them, and they are systematically modified to indicate phonetic features; similarly, the vowel letters are systematically modified for related sounds, making Hangul a featural writing system. It has been described as a syllabic alphabet as it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, although it is not necessarily an abugida.Hangul was created in 1443 CE by King Sejong the Great in an attempt to increase literacy by serving as a complement (or alternative) to the logographic Sino-Korean Hanja, which had been used by Koreans as its primary script to write the Korean language since as early as the Gojoseon period (spanning more than a thousand years and ending around 108 BCE), along with the usage of Classical Chinese. As a result, Hangul was initially denounced and disparaged by the Korean educated class. The script became known as eonmun ("vernacular writing", 언문, 諺文) and became the primary Korean script only in the decades after Korea's independence from Japan in the mid-20th century.Modern Hangul orthography uses 24 basic letters: 14 consonant letters and 10 vowel letters. There are also 27 complex letters that are formed by combining the basic letters: 5 tense consonant letters, 11 complex consonant letters, and 11 complex vowel letters. Four basic letters in the original alphabet are no longer used: 1 vowel letter and 3 consonant letters. Korean letters are written in syllabic blocks with the alphabetic letters arranged in two dimensions. For example, the Korean word for "honeybee" (kkulbeol) is written as 꿀벌, not ㄲㅜㄹㅂㅓㄹ. The syllables begin with a consonant letter, then a vowel letter, and then potentially another consonant letter called a batchim (Korean: 받침). If the syllable begins with a vowel sound, the consonant ㅇ (ng) acts as a silent placeholder. However, when ㅇ starts a sentence or is placed after a long pause, it marks a glottal stop.
Syllables may begin with basic or tense consonants but not complex ones. The vowel can be basic or complex, and the second consonant can be basic, complex or a limited number of tense consonants. How the syllable is structured depends if the baseline of the vowel symbol is horizontal or vertical. If the baseline is vertical, the first consonant and vowel are written above the second consonant (if present), but all components are written individually from top to bottom in the case of a horizontal baseline.As in traditional Chinese and Japanese writing, as well as many other texts in East Asia, Korean texts were traditionally written top to bottom, right to left, as is occasionally still the way for stylistic purposes. However, Korean is now typically written from left to right with spaces between words serving as dividers, unlike in Japanese and Chinese. Hangul is the official writing system throughout Korea, both North and South. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County in Jilin Province, China. Hangul has also seen limited use in the Cia-Cia language.[出典:Wikipedia]


という文字は、複雑な形を持っていることで知られています。その形から、草花や動物の姿に例えられることもあります。 しかし、実はという文字には、驚くべき性質があるのです。それは、音声認識技術の分野での利用に高いポテンシャルを持っていることです。 近年、音声認識技術の進化は目覚ましく、AlexaやSiriなどの音声アシスタントが日常に溶け込むようになってきました。しかし、まだまだ認識率の向上に課題が残されています。 ここで、という文字の特性が大きな意味を持つのです。この文字は、複数の要素から構成されているため、複数の音声情報を持っています。 例えば、「あいうえお」という音声を入力した場合、一つの音声ファイルとして認識されます。しかし、で表現することで、それぞれの母音が区別され、より高い精度で認識することができるのです。 これにより、音声認識技術の精度が向上するだけでなく、話者の声や発音による影響を受けにくくなるため、音声認識技術の応用範囲が広がることが期待されます。 今後、という文字が音声認識技術の分野で注目されることが予想されます。その可能性を秘めた、複雑な形を持つ文字、。私たちはこれからもその可能性を追求し、技術の発展に貢献していくことが求められているのです。