ᇿ U+11FF Unicode文字




ᇿ ᇿ






Letter, Other(文字,その他)


Base64エンコード : 4Ye/




Middle Korean
IPA(key): /nn/
ㅥ (nn)
A digraph of ㄴ (n) and ㄴ (n).
Usage notes
Usually used when a preceding consonant has...[出典:Wiktionary]

The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (English: HAHN-gool) in South Korea and Chosŏn'gŭl in North Korea, is the modern official writing system for the Korean language. The letters for the five basic consonants reflect the shape of the speech organs used to pronounce them, and they are systematically modified to indicate phonetic features; similarly, the vowel letters are systematically modified for related sounds, making Hangul a featural writing system. It has been described as a syllabic alphabet as it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, although it is not necessarily an abugida.Hangul was created in 1443 CE by King Sejong the Great in an attempt to increase literacy by serving as a complement (or alternative) to the logographic Sino-Korean Hanja, which had been used by Koreans as its primary script to write the Korean language since as early as the Gojoseon period (spanning more than a thousand years and ending around 108 BCE), along with the usage of Classical Chinese. As a result, Hangul was initially denounced and disparaged by the Korean educated class. The script became known as eonmun ("vernacular writing", 언문, 諺文) and became the primary Korean script only in the decades after Korea's independence from Japan in the mid-20th century.Modern Hangul orthography uses 24 basic letters: 14 consonant letters and 10 vowel letters. There are also 27 complex letters that are formed by combining the basic letters: 5 tense consonant letters, 11 complex consonant letters, and 11 complex vowel letters. Four basic letters in the original alphabet are no longer used: 1 vowel letter and 3 consonant letters. Korean letters are written in syllabic blocks with the alphabetic letters arranged in two dimensions. For example, the Korean word for "honeybee" (kkulbeol) is written as 꿀벌, not ㄲㅜㄹㅂㅓㄹ. The syllables begin with a consonant letter, then a vowel letter, and then potentially another consonant letter called a batchim (Korean: 받침). If the syllable begins with a vowel sound, the consonant ㅇ (ng) acts as a silent placeholder. However, when ㅇ starts a sentence or is placed after a long pause, it marks a glottal stop.
Syllables may begin with basic or tense consonants but not complex ones. The vowel can be basic or complex, and the second consonant can be basic, complex or a limited number of tense consonants. How the syllable is structured depends if the baseline of the vowel symbol is horizontal or vertical. If the baseline is vertical, the first consonant and vowel are written above the second consonant (if present), but all components are written individually from top to bottom in the case of a horizontal baseline.As in traditional Chinese and Japanese writing, as well as many other texts in East Asia, Korean texts were traditionally written top to bottom, right to left, as is occasionally still the way for stylistic purposes. However, Korean is now typically written from left to right with spaces between words serving as dividers, unlike in Japanese and Chinese. Hangul is the official writing system throughout Korea, both North and South. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County in Jilin Province, China. Hangul has also seen limited use in the Cia-Cia language.[出典:Wikipedia]


ㅿという文字は、現代韓国語表記法で用いられる文字の一つである。ただし、日常的に利用されることはなく、あまり知られていない。 しかし、この文字には実は奥深い意味がある。世界中の言語には、文字を持つことで文化や歴史が伝えられてきた。その一つが、韓国の「ㅿ」という文字でもある。 派生文字である「」は、漢字文化圏の影響下にあった古代韓国(高句麗、新羅、百済)で使用されていた文字である。「ㅿ」は、民族文字として直接的な祖先があるとされ、かつては漢字や表音文字に対して独自に開発されたものである。 この文字には、古代韓国の歴史や文化を伝える役割がある。例えば、韓国の伝統的な陶器「打越(トゲチ)」には、この文字が彫り込まれていることがある。また、現代韓国語でも、この文字が使われることがある。例えば、「추산」、「캐나다」、「쑤울리 코끼리」、「푸른밤」などといった単語に使われている。 これらの言葉は、韓国語の辞書に載っている一般的な単語であり、解釈や意味も明確である。しかし、韓国語学習者が初めて目にする「ㅿ」という文字は、謎めいた印象を与えるかもしれない。そんな時には、この文字が古代韓国の歴史や文化を伝えるために使われていることを思い出せば、理解が深まるかもしれない。 「ㅿ」という文字には、日常の韓国語ではあまり使用されないという一面もある。しかし、文化や歴史を学ぶ上で欠かせない文字であり、世界に広く伝えていくべきものだと言える。