ᅜ U+115C Unicode文字




ᅜ ᅜ






Letter, Other(文字,その他)


Base64エンコード : 4YWc




ㄵ • (nj)
A digraph of ㄴ (n) and ㅈ (j). Used in the verbs 앉다 (anda) and 얹다 (eonda) and their derivatives.[出典:Wiktionary]

The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (English: HAHN-gool) in South Korea and Chosŏn'gŭl in North Korea, is the modern official writing system for the Korean language. The letters for the five basic consonants reflect the shape of the speech organs used to pronounce them, and they are systematically modified to indicate phonetic features; similarly, the vowel letters are systematically modified for related sounds, making Hangul a featural writing system. It has been described as a syllabic alphabet as it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, although it is not necessarily an abugida.Hangul was created in 1443 CE by King Sejong the Great in an attempt to increase literacy by serving as a complement (or alternative) to the logographic Sino-Korean Hanja, which had been used by Koreans as its primary script to write the Korean language since as early as the Gojoseon period (spanning more than a thousand years and ending around 108 BCE), along with the usage of Classical Chinese. As a result, Hangul was initially denounced and disparaged by the Korean educated class. The script became known as eonmun ("vernacular writing", 언문, 諺文) and became the primary Korean script only in the decades after Korea's independence from Japan in the mid-20th century.Modern Hangul orthography uses 24 basic letters: 14 consonant letters and 10 vowel letters. There are also 27 complex letters that are formed by combining the basic letters: 5 tense consonant letters, 11 complex consonant letters, and 11 complex vowel letters. Four basic letters in the original alphabet are no longer used: 1 vowel letter and 3 consonant letters. Korean letters are written in syllabic blocks with the alphabetic letters arranged in two dimensions. For example, the Korean word for "honeybee" (kkulbeol) is written as 꿀벌, not ㄲㅜㄹㅂㅓㄹ. The syllables begin with a consonant letter, then a vowel letter, and then potentially another consonant letter called a batchim (Korean: 받침). If the syllable begins with a vowel sound, the consonant ㅇ (ng) acts as a silent placeholder. However, when ㅇ starts a sentence or is placed after a long pause, it marks a glottal stop.
Syllables may begin with basic or tense consonants but not complex ones. The vowel can be basic or complex, and the second consonant can be basic, complex or a limited number of tense consonants. How the syllable is structured depends if the baseline of the vowel symbol is horizontal or vertical. If the baseline is vertical, the first consonant and vowel are written above the second consonant (if present), but all components are written individually from top to bottom in the case of a horizontal baseline.As in traditional Chinese and Japanese writing, as well as many other texts in East Asia, Korean texts were traditionally written top to bottom, right to left, as is occasionally still the way for stylistic purposes. However, Korean is now typically written from left to right with spaces between words serving as dividers, unlike in Japanese and Chinese. Hangul is the official writing system throughout Korea, both North and South. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County in Jilin Province, China. Hangul has also seen limited use in the Cia-Cia language.[出典:Wikipedia]


』という文字をご存知ですか?この文字は非常にマニアックなフォント愛好家たちにとっては、とても特別で興味深い文字とされています。 実は、『』は日本語の Unicode 文字の中でも、一番小さな文字の1つであり、フォントによっては非常に小さいサイズでも綺麗に表示されることが特徴的です。また、「結合可能な下線」を表現するために使われることが多く、日本語の文章を美しく整えるのに一役買っています。 しかしながら、『』を表示できないアプリやプログラムもあるため、一部の人たちからは「使いづらい」「不便」といった声も聞かれます。 また、『』がどうしても使いたい場合には、Unicode のコードポイントを直接入力する必要があるため、一般の人には敬遠されがちです。しかし、そんな中でも『』に愛着を持つ人たちは、手作業で毎回コードポイントを入力してでも、この文字を使い続けてきました。 もちろん、『』が必ずしも必要な文字とは言えないかもしれません。しかし、数ある文字の中でも、この小さな文字が持つ個性的な魅力は、多くの人たちにとってはとても大切なものなのです。 Unicode は、世界中の文字をコンピュータで表現することを目的としているため、現代のデジタル社会においては必要不可欠な存在です。『』もその1つであり、今後も世界中の人たちが綺麗に文章を表現するために使い続けられることを願ってやみません。