𐐊 U+1040A Unicode文字











Letter, Uppercase(文字,大文字)


Base64エンコード : 8JCQig==



名称はshort o。音価は[ʌ]。米国モルモン教のブリガム・ヤングらが考案した英語表記用の人工アルファベット。大文字で、小文字は𐐲。
16進: 1040A 𐐊
10進: 66570 𐐊[出典:Wiktionary]

The Deseret alphabet ( (listen); Deseret: 𐐔𐐯𐑅𐐨𐑉𐐯𐐻 or 𐐔𐐯𐑆𐐲𐑉𐐯𐐻) is a phonemic English-language spelling reform developed between 1847 and 1854 by the board of regents of the University of Deseret under the leadership of Brigham Young, the second president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). George D. Watt is reported to have been the most actively involved in the development of the script's novel characters,: 159  which were used to replace those of Isaac Pitman's English phonotypic alphabet. He was also the "New Alphabet's" first serious user.: 12 The Deseret alphabet was an outgrowth of the idealism and utopianism of Young and the early LDS Church. Young and the Mormon pioneers believed "all aspects of life" were in need of reform for the imminent millennium, and the Deseret alphabet was just one of many ways in which they sought to bring about a complete "transformation in society,": 142  in anticipation of the Second Coming of Jesus. Young wrote of the reform that "it would represent every sound used in the construction of any known language; and, in fact, a step and partial return to a pure language which has been promised unto us in the latter days," which meant the pure Adamic language spoken before the Tower of Babel.In public statements, Young claimed the alphabet would replace the traditional Latin alphabet with an alternative, more phonetically accurate alphabet for the English language. This would offer immigrants an opportunity to learn to read and write English, the orthography of which, he said, is often less phonetically consistent than those of many other languages.: 65–66  Similar neographies have been attempted, the most well-known of which for English is the Shavian alphabet. Young also proposed teaching the alphabet in the school system, stating "It will be the means of introducing uniformity in our orthography, and the years that are now required to learn to read and spell can be devoted to other studies."Between 1854 and 1869, the Alphabet was used in scriptural newspaper passages, selected church records, a few diaries, and some correspondence. Occasional street signs and posters used the new letters. In 1860 a $5 gold coin was embossed 𐐐𐐬𐑊𐐨𐑌𐐮𐑅 𐐻𐐭 𐑄 𐐢𐐫𐑉𐐼 (Holiness to the Lord). In 1868-9, after much difficulty creating suitable fonts, four books were printed: two school primers, the full Book of Mormon, and a first portion of it, intended as a third school reader.Despite repeated and costly promotion by the early LDS Church, the alphabet never enjoyed widespread use, and it has been regarded by historians as a failure. However, in recent years, aided by digital typography, the Deseret Alphabet has been revived as a cultural heirloom.[出典:Wikipedia]


𐐊という文字は、古代ウガリット文字の一つであり、現在ではほとんど使用されていない文字です。しかし、この文字にはとても興味深い歴史と神話が存在します。 古代ウガリット文字は、紀元前1400年頃に楔形文字から発展した文字で、現在のシリアにあたる地域で使用されていました。この文字は、残されたテキストからは、主に神話や儀式、祈りなどが記されていたことがわかっています。 その中でも、𐐊は特に重要な役割を持っていました。𐐊は、イラク神話に登場する「風の神」を表しているとされています。この神は、強い風を巻き起こし、天文現象や気象現象を調節するとされています。 また、𐐊は「樹木」を表す文字でもあります。樹木は、古代ウガリット文字の中で「魂」を表すこともあります。このため、𐐊は不滅の生命を持つ「魂」を持つ樹木を象徴する文字としても使用されていました。 さらに、𐐊は「門」を表す文字としても使われていました。古代ウガリット人は、建造物の門には重要な意味を持たせており、𐐊を用いた細かい装飾を施すことも行われていました。 以上のように、𐐊は古代ウガリット文化において重要な役割を持っていた文字であることがわかります。その象徴する意味や役割は非常に豊かで、現代においても独自の存在感を放っています。これからも、𐐊という文字に注目し、その文化的価値を再評価し続けていくことが望ましいでしょう。